The invention consists of a non-thermal plasma (NTP) reactor to synthesize biogas to value added chemicals such as methanol, and a more combustible gas mixture consisting of carbon monoxide (CO)
The composition of the biogas fluctuates depending on the operational condition of the digester and landfill
If the composition of the biogas has higher levels of CO2 , the energy content of the biogas decreases, and is not suitable to be utilized efficiently as a gaseous fuel
This innovation addresses the fluctuating CO2 content in biogas by utilizing a NTP reactor
Bio-CNG system providers and biogas producers are able to close the carbon cycle loop by using this innovation to convert the captured CO2 (with close to 90% concentration) to CO. The CO can be used as gaseous fuel for heating a boiler.
Features and Specifications:
The NTP consists of a dielectric barrier that is subjected to high voltage & low amperes
The initiated plasma dissociates CO2 to CO via electron impact dissociation and is combustible compared to CO2, which is inert
The CO is used as a gaseous fuel for heating a boiler, reducing consumption of fossil fuels, or can be used further for producing other chemicals
CH4 is dissociated and recombines with oxygen bearing radicals to form CH3OH, a building block for producing other chemicals, including biodiesel. which has a market price of approximately 400 USD/ton.
Biogas generators, such as landfills, palm oil mills, or anaerobic digesters for conversion of biogas into CH3OH
The invention can be integrated with CO2 capture facilities or landfills for conversion of CO2 to CO.
Malaysian Patent filed